A gynecological examination is a physical examination of the female genital organs and the small pelvis. This review helps physicians examine the size and position of the vagina, cervix, uterus and ovary. It is an important part of preventing and caring for a woman's health.
Ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic tool that allows the gynecologist to observe the fetus in the uterus. The benefits of this type of examination are immeasurable - reliable pregnancy identification, material analysis and detection of possible fetal abnormalities, etc.
Gynecological endocrinology involves the examination of hormonal status, that is, checking hormones that are interconnected and affect the woman's menstrual cycle, her fertility and other functions.
When at the time of a colposcopy, fields on the cervix that are atypical and after the Pap test are observed, a diagnostic biopsy of the cervix is usually scheduled. The most common period in which a cervical biopsy is performed is the period after the cycle, and it is necessary to have a neat bacteriological swab for the intervention.
One of the most important tests for gynecologists is the Papanicolaou or Pope's test for detecting precancerous and cancerous changes in the cervix. If all is well, a gynecological examination, a PAPA test and an ultrasound examination should be performed once a year.
HyCoSy (Hysterosalpingo-Contrast Sonography) is an ultrasound-controlled intervention to examine the uterine cavity and the fallopian tubes. Small but very significant changes in the uterine cavity (eg polyps that act as a "natural coil") are much better observed with this method than with HSG - as with HSG, it is possible to raise suspicion of fallopian tubes, but, unlike from HSG, no radiation.
Contraception includes all methods that prevent the occurrence of unwanted pregnancy. There are several methods of contraception that differ in both safety (conception) and other characteristics such as comfort during sexual intercourse, use, proper use ...
Ultrasound has become an irreplaceable diagnostic method in pregnancy. Beginning with the first ultrasound examination to confirm not only the pregnancy but also its location. In the first place, it is meant to exclude the existence of an ectopic pregnancy, a condition which is very serious and which requires urgent hospitalization. In addition, many anomalies can be detected on ultrasound, which may require further diagnostic testing, such as chorionic biopsy or amniocentesis. A special category is expert ultrasound examination performed from 20-24 weeks of pregnancy.